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Vaginal Health

Vaginal Infections

Vaginal Infections

There are three most common types of vaginal infections Bacterial vaginosis, Vaginal yeast infection, Trichomoniasis.
Causes for and symptoms of each infection are different.
If discomfort lasts, you have to see a doctor for right treatments immediately.

Certain conditions make infection more likely

  • Reduced acidity (increased pH) in the vagina: When acidity in the vagina is reduced, the number of protective bacteria that normally live in the vagina decreases, and the number of bacteria that can cause infection increases.
  • Poor hygiene: When the genital area is not kept clean, the number of bacteria increases, making bacterial infections more likely.
  • Tight, nonabsorbent underwear: This type of underwear may trap moisture, which encourages the growth of bacteria and yeast.
  • Tissue damage: If tissues in the pelvis are damaged, the body’s natural defenses are weakened. Damage can result from tumors, surgery, radiation therapy, or structural abnormalities such as birth defects or fistulas.
  • Irritation: Irritation of vaginal tissues can lead to cracks or sores, which provide access to the bloodstream for bacteria and yeast.


Typically, vaginal infections cause a vaginal discharge. This discharge differs from a normal one because it is accompanied by itching, redness, and sometimes burning or soreness in the genital area. Itching may interfere with sleep. Some infections can make sexual intercourse painful and make urination painful and more frequent.

Symptoms of Vaginal Infections

    • Infections
    • Symptoms
    • Bacterial vaginosis
    • A thin, white or gray cloudy discharge with a fishy odor, which may become stronger after sexual intercourse or during menstrual periods.

      Itching and irritaion

    • Trichomonas vaginitis
    • A usually profuse, greenish yellow, frothy, fishy-smelling discharge.

      Itching and soreness

      Pain during sexual intercourse and urination

    • Yeast infection(candidiasis)
    • Thick, white, clumpy discharge(like cottage cheese)

      Moderate to severe itching and burning(but not always)

      Redness and swelling of the genital area.

5 Rules to Prevent Vaginal Infections

Prevention includes the following:

  • Keeping the genital area clean and dry to help prevent infections.
  • Wiping from front to back after urinating or defecating to prevent bacteria from the anus from being moved to the vagina
  • Wearing loose, absorbent clothing, such as cotton or cotton-lined underpants, to allow air to circulate and to help keep the genital area dry
  • Practicing safe sex and limiting the number of sex partners